The language of the ancient Macedonians

The ancient writers, Greeks and Romans, report that the ancient Macedonians were Greeks and spoke Greek, i.e.: "While there (in India), Nearchus’s sailors saw a stranger who wore the Greek mantle, behaved like the Greeks and spoke Greek. The first Greeks that saw him said that they were surprised, overtaken by emotion and that they all cried. To them, it was such an unexpected event after having suffered so many hardships, to meet another Greek and to hear the Greek language. They asked him where does he come from and who is he? He told them that he had come from the camp of Alexander and that the camp and Alexander himself are not far from here. Upon hearing this, applauding and shouting they all went to Nearchus”, Arrian's, (India 4, 33, page 195).

“…the Aetoleans, Akarnaneans and Macedonians, were people who spoke the same language, and who from time to time were united or separated due to insignificant causes and events that occur in the course of human events..." Livius, (History of Rome, book XXX paragraph ΧΧΙΧ).

The Aetoleans and Akarnaneans were undeniably Greek races. In one other circumstance Livius writes: “… General Paulus sat in his official seat surrounded by a crowd of Macedonians… his statements were translated in Greek and were repeated by the interpreter Gnaeus Octavius…”. Livius, (History of Rome, Book XLV, paragraph XXIX). If the crowd of Macedonians in this gathering did not speak Greek, then why the Romans felt the need to translate the statements of Paulus in Greek?

It is noted that:
a) That the Macedonians were Greeks and that they spoke and wrote always Greek. Irrefutable proofs are also the Macedonian signs (i.e., see here the Macedonian inscription from the hommages of Macedonians in Athena Poliada, as well as, the Macedonian currencies), i.e., see here the currency of Philip and Alexander, to which as we see, the Macedonians not only spoke and wrote Greek, but had also the same religion, as well as the same customs and traditions with the other Greeks, since after all in the Macedonian currencies we see the star and sun of the Dorians, and other..(compare for example with the currencies of Itanos, Lyktos, Ierapytnas, and others of Crete).

b) Because ancient Greece was not a united, single state, but many “city-states”, each one of them had also developed its own language which today it is called dialect - the reason for which the ancient writers report, for example: “Alexander spoke Macedonian”, “Macedonian language” “ Greek language” (= the common language) and others, but also for example: Philip the Macedonian, Minoas the Kretan, Apollodoros the Athenian, and others.

c) Roughly, the ancient Greek dialects-languages were: Dorian (spoken by the Spartans, Macedonians, and others.), Ionean (spoken by the Athenians, the islanders, and others.), and Aeolian (spoken by the Thessalians, and others). Something that is in effect, to a limited degree, even today. A difference, for example, in the language of the Macedonians from other Greek dialects (languages) is said to be the following: “ the [Delfians do not use the letter B in place of F, as the Macedonians do that says [Bilippos], [Balakros] and [Beroniki], and instead of the letter P they naturally say “patein” “batein” and “pikron” “bikron”. “Obysous” (= the month of oracles), therefore, is “Opysous”.


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